What are the Eight Parts of Speech?
This is the first in a series of articles that will make up a course in grammar and mechanics.
If one is to understand how the English language works, one must first understand the eight parts of speech. The eight parts of speech are used in combinations to create whole sentences, and with an understanding of how they function within a sentence, we can easier understand other grammatical rules as well.
What are the eight parts of speech?
The eight parts of speech are nouns, adjectives, pronoun, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. This article will give a brief examination of what each one is.
Nouns: A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. Words like Jeff, New York, a chair, and happiness.
Adjectives: Adjectives describe a noun. For example, if we use the say, “the chair is blue,” then blue would be our adjective because it is describing the noun, “chair.”
Pronouns: Pronouns are fairly easy to understand. A pronoun takes the place of a noun. Let’s use the following sentence as an example, “Jessica was preparing to write an article.” Seeing how Jessica is the noun, we’re going to replace the noun with the pronoun “she.” The sentence would then read, “She was preparing to write an article.”
Verbs: Verbs can function in several different ways. The easiest type of verb is action words: run, walk, talk, swim, etc. Other verbs can include linking verbs—is, are, was, were, etc.
Adverbs: While adverbs can function in a variety of ways, we typically associate words that have “-ly” at the end. Let’s use the following sentence as an example: “James smiled happily.” The verb in the sentence is “smiled” while the adverb is “happily”. “Happily” showed how James smiled—it modified the verb.
Prepositions: Prepositions are words that help us understand the relationship between one item and the next.
- Joe was beside the house
-Haley walked across the bridge
Many teachers will remind you that a preposition is, "Anywhere a mouse can go."
Conjunctions: Conjunctions combines sentences. Let’s use the following two sentences: “John is stubborn,” and, “John doesn’t care to work.” Using the conjunction, “but,” we can combine the two sentences. “John is stubborn, but he doesn’t care to work.”
Interjections: Interjections are the easiest to spot-- words like, “Wow.” Interjections show emotion.