What are the Eight Parts of Speech?


What are the Eight Parts of Speech?

This is the first in a series of articles that will make up a course in grammar and mechanics.

If one is to understand how the English language works, one must first understand the eight parts of speech. The eight parts of speech are used in combinations to create whole sentences, and with an understanding of how they function within a sentence, we can easier understand other grammatical rules as well.
What are the eight parts of speech?

The eight parts of speech are nouns, adjectives, pronoun, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. This article will give a brief examination of what each one is.

Nouns: A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. Words like JeffNew York, a chair, and happiness.

Adjectives: Adjectives describe a noun. For example, if we use the say, “the chair is blue,” then blue would be our adjective because it is describing the noun, “chair.”

Pronouns: Pronouns are fairly easy to understand. A pronoun takes the place of a noun. Let’s use the following sentence as an example, “Jessica was preparing to write an article.” Seeing how Jessica is the noun, we’re going to replace the noun with the pronoun “she.” The sentence would then read, “She was preparing to write an article.”

Verbs: Verbs can function in several different ways. The easiest type of verb is action words: run, walk, talk, swim, etc. Other verbs can include linking verbs—is, are, was, were, etc.

Adverbs: While adverbs can function in a variety of ways, we typically associate words that have “-ly” at the end. Let’s use the following sentence as an example: “James smiled happily.” The verb in the sentence is “smiled” while the adverb is “happily”. “Happily” showed how James smiled—it modified the verb.

Prepositions: Prepositions are words that help us understand the relationship between one item and the next. 

- Joe was beside the house
-Haley walked across the bridge

Many teachers will remind you that a preposition is, "Anywhere a mouse can go."

Conjunctions: Conjunctions combines sentences. Let’s use the following two sentences: “John is stubborn,” and, “John doesn’t care to work.” Using the conjunction, “but,” we can combine the two sentences. “John is stubborn, but he doesn’t care to work.”

Interjections: Interjections are the easiest to spot-- words like, “Wow.” Interjections show emotion.


Why Do We Write?


Off Topic Tuesdays

Off Topic Tuesdays deal with issues outside of the world of OTMM.

Why do we write?

Being an educator, I’m far too familiar with students and their will to write. Most students, regardless of whether it’s an essay or a short story, loath the idea of writing; however, it seems every year there’s that one student who loves to create, loves to write, and loves to have it read so that the whole world may hear their voice.

I wasn’t one of those students.

I fit it in the majority. I hated to write and even remember telling my friends in 7th grade, “Why are we doing this? It’s not like I’m going to be an author one day.”

Isn’t it funny how our goals change?

The first time I ever experienced the fulfillment of an extended text I was in eighth grade. We had been assigned a short story from our literature teacher, and as usual, I did not want to do it.

At all…

But something happened. I began writing and couldn’t stop. The short story, which would run the typical student a few hand written pages ran on and on. Before I knew it I was looking at a 25 page tale about several Native Americans on the run from their disgruntled tribe.

The story would never be finished, though. I scrapped the idea and produced a more sensible several page story. Looking back, my English teacher would have killed me had I handed in a 30+ page story for her to grade, especially considering my ridiculously awful grammar and mechanics.

Why do we feel the need to produce text? Is it so we get some of those creative juices out of our heads and onto the page? Not always. I feel it can be for a different reason: it’s to evoke emotion.

I’m going to blame Harry Potter here. While most critics would agree the Potter series isn’t “academic,” I would respectfully disagree. I’ll never forget reading the last book in the series. The final few chapters had my heart racing, my blood pumping, and my lungs working. I honestly wasn’t sure whether or not Rowling was going to kill off the goofy boy wizard. It was then I realized the potential of literature.

Unlike a movie, a book gives us more time to attach ourselves to a character. More like a television series, a book can cause us to feel emotional ties to the imagined. Let’s face it, how many of us actually wanted Gregory House to die?

The power to instill a desire for a certain action, or the emotion of love causes us to flip the page and write another sentence. We want readers to become emotionally invested in the text and perhaps even learn something along the way.

It’s simple to say that I’ve changed a lot since I was a kid. Apathetic to literature in the beginning, I now write with the purpose to create and entertain. I wish to give readers someone they can love, and in some cases, someone they can hate.

The OTMM universe is created so that the average person can escape into a world where they no longer have to be average. Reality can be a drag, pure and simple, but the imagined—it can be anything you want it to be.

A Message From Adam

"Adam."

I look at myself every chance I get. Often, it's as simple as a puddle of water. Gazing into the reflection, I watch my lips mutter, "Adam," over and over. Only after coming to a point that I've accepted that identity do I reach for the water. I tap the surface and watch myself ripple into obscurity once again.

I'll never forget the day he named me Adam. It was the day I became a human, and whether or not I knew it at the time, my heart had been born again.

The droves of countless dead remind me of why I'm here, and from their grave, they make me think of everything we've been through; everything I've been through. I always tell myself it will be worth it.

The Rotundra's greed and their taste for human blood will be far from your innocent throat my reader.

Our intolerant and savage selves will have seen the light, and that humanity, as selfish as dreamers are, will have lived for the lives of others.

All with a heartbeat.

All with pulsing veins.

Protected.

My only wish is that you read my journal and spread my word from human ear to human ear: the mistakes of the past must not be repeated.

More importantly, this journal asks that you look at your own life-- to the themes you look past but take part in everyday.

And after the last page:


Go outside
Find a puddle of water
and tap the surface. 


Perhaps you'll then begin to appreciate who you are and where you come from. 


Adam.  

About The Site


Good Evening All!

First and foremost, thank you for stopping by OTMM. This blog is something I've long considered doing. I find great satisfaction in giving readers something to look forward to on a daily basis. Finding entertaining and quality content on today's internet can sometimes be more of a pain as the useful and original content gets shuffled through the countless pages of spam.

This website focuses on the most important idea in the world: life and all that's associated with it. Through the use of Adam, the main character in our series, readers will see a character come to grips with what it means to embrace humanity. He will venture through ideas and themes that we commonly take part in everyday, but involuntarily, or sometimes choose, to ignore.

Of Things Man Made is a Sci-Fi/Post Apocalyptic thriller that asks that readers do two things: entertain themselves by momentarily escaping the monotony of reality, and do some soul searching along the way.

After today, OTMM will be following the posting schedule to the right, but first, we begin things with a message from Adam's journal as he tells us a tale of adventure, enlightenment, and love. I hope you enjoy your time on the site, and don't be afraid to e-mail me, or post here discussing the narrative, or the themes therein.

Thank You,

Jonathan Howard